East meets West. The capital Istanbul straddles the Bosphorus, a waterway that separates Europe and Asia. Once known as Constantinople, the city is alive with colour and history, and fabulous relics of bygone empires: Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman. Here you can enjoy some of the world’s most famous sights: Topkapi Palace, Aya Sophia and the Blue Mosque, an experience of harmony that transcends all religions. Meanwhile, with 300 days of sun a year, the Turkish Riviera luxuriates on long sandy beaches and deep turquoise bays. Bodrum faces the Aegean, on a coastline of idyllic fishing harbours and rocky crags, surrounded by olive groves and pine woods.